You might be a fresher, an experienced employee or somewhere in the middle ground. Wherever you’re positioned in the corporate hierarchy, every employee should be well versed with the employment laws as it can come handy at any time. Taniya Lall Jimenez – an eminent employment lawyer with extensive experience in legal research and writing is the one who should be approached for any legal rights cases such as discrimination or employment laws advise if needed.
Employment laws vary from country to country. However, most of them are based on relatively the same set of principles with slight alterations or variations in the statement. As such, here we’ll be looking at some of the most notable employment laws in the United States, and they include the following:
1. Fair Labor Standard Act
The Fair Labor Standard Act, which came into effect in 1938 changed how the employees have been treated in the work environment. As per the act following significant changes have been enacted.
Minimum Wage At Federal and State Level
It’s one of the important laws safeguarding the labor workforce. The Fair Labor Standards Act of 1938 sets a federal minimum wage. Interestingly, the law permits each state to have their own custom minimum wage. But the minimum wage set at the state-level should be higher than the one set by the federal law. Different types of employees might have special considerations. For instance, employers who have employees that earn tips may be able to rely on tips to make up some of the employee’s minimum pay.
Employees have the right to overtime pay. The same Fair Labor Standards Act says that an employer must pay time and a half for any hours that an hourly employee works over 40 hours per week. While there’s no maximum number of hours that an employee can work in a week, the employer must pay overtime for each hour that an employee works over 40 hours in a week. There’s no right to overtime for working on a Saturday or Sunday if the employee’s total hours stay under 40. There’s also no limit to the number of days that an employee can work in a week.
2. Family and Medical Leave Act
Yet another important law which ensures family comes first than any occupation. As per the Medical Leave Act of 1963, large employers must offer up to 12 weeks of unpaid family leave. An employee can use family leave after the birth of a child or after an adoption. They can use it for their own health problems or care for a spouse, child or parent who has a serious health condition.
3. Clayton Act, Labor-Management Reporting and National Labor Relations Act
Employees have a right to organize collective bargaining with an employer. The Clayton Act of 1914, the National Labor Relations Act of 1935 and the Labor-Management Reporting and Disclosure Act of 1959 all regulate collective bargaining. If more than 50 percent of the workforce wants to organize, a company must negotiate in good faith.
4. Occupational Safety and Health Act
Employees have all the right to stay safe and opt for safe working conditions. The Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970(OSHA) protects employees from foreseeable hazards at work including chemicals, extreme temperatures, noise, sanitation problems and conditions that are likely to cause injuries. Employers can’t retaliate against an employee for exercising their rights under OSHA.
5. Employment Act of 1967
Last but not least, it’s a breakthrough Act which literally put a full-stop on Age discrimination. The Age Discrimination in Employment Act of 1967 obliges employers not to discriminate against older employees when it’s time to decide promotions, compensation, and termination of employment. Similarly, employers can’t discriminate against people with disabilities.